The Mannlicher Carcano was adopted in 1892, for use in mainly Italy. It was developed by the chief technician Salvatore Carcano in 1890. The
Carcano saw action in both World Wars, and during it's sevice length, came
in a variety of cartridge sizes, lengths and more. The Carcano held 6
Japanese 6.5 X 52mm rounds, but could also chamber 7.35x51 mm Carcano, or
7.92x57 Mauser. The Carcano weighed 8.38 lbs. unloaded. The Germans did use a few
Carcano Rifles later in 1943, mostly being issued to Volksturm units.
No picture availible, sorry.
The Carcano Carbine was a shortened version of the Mannlicher Carcano
M1891. The bolt onthe Carbine was bent, and had a folding bayonet
under the barrel. The Mannlicher Carbine weighed 6.6 lbs. unloaded,
2 lbs. less than the M1891. It carried the same rounds as the M1891,
and the same amount. The Carcano Carbine was used mostly for calvalry.
Beretta Model 38A was adopted by the Italian army in 1938. It was
quite expensive to produce, yet was one of the most effective Italian weapons.
The Model 38A fired in two modes, semi-automatic and fully automatic,
which was selected by one of two triggers. The front trigger was for single
shoots, the second for automatic.The Model 38A used the 9 X 19mm
round, in either a 10, 20, 30 or 40 round detachable box, and weighed 9.3 lbs. The
Berretta 38A was a very reliable and robust weapon, and was very popular as well.
There was a later model produced in 1944 called the Berretta 38/44 model. It wasn't
quite as complicated as the 38A model. The Germans soon manufactured their own
version of the 38A, called the MP-739.
In 1930, the Breda company came up with a design for a light maching
gun. The Breda Modello 30 weighed 23 lbs., and carried 20 rounds of
6.5 X 52mm cartridge. The Magazine was located on the right side of
the reciever. The Breda was the standardmachine gun of the Italian army
throughout World War Two. In the late 1930's, the Breda was converted
to fire the 7.35 X 51mm Breda round. The Breda was somewhat difficult
to keep clean and maintain. It has very poor clips, that would often jam
or break, and had a slow rate of fire. The magazine was loaded by putting
in two, 10 round stripper clips. This weapon had a system that automatically
lubricated each cartridge before it entered the chamber. The oil from this lubricant
pick up dust and dirt, making this weapon highly susceptable to jams.
In 1931, the Breda company
produced this machine gun, originally made to fire the 13.2 X 99mm
Breda cartridge. But it proved to be more efficent when chmbered
for the 8 X 59mm Breda. The Breda Modello 37 weighed 43 lbs.,
and it's tribod weighed 41.5 lbs. The Breda was fed by a strip
instead of a magazine. The Breda Modello 37 was the most
commonly used Italian machine gun in World War Two. This weapon,
like the Breda Modello 30, had lubricated cartridges, which picked up
dust and debris, making this weapon prone to jamming.
Beretta Model 34 was just an improvement over the
model 1915. The Beretta 34 carried seven 9 X 18mm
round, (the cartridge was shorter to reduce pressure) and
weighed 1.5 lbs. unloaded. The Berettas were mostly to
weak for military use. It was originaly designed to be
chambered for the 7.65mm round, even though this made
this pistol quite underpowered for military use. This pistol
became the standard Italian sidearm in 1935.
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